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2020年7月12日 星期日

57 - Puffin the Cat

The Buddhist Podcast for Stories to Inspire, Mindfulness, and Spirituality


57 - Puffin the Cat Host: Venerable Miao Guang


Listen to the full story here. (Or on iTunes, Spotify, or wherever you listen to podcast.)

Once upon a time, there lived a cat named Puffin. One day, as Puffin wandered around the garden, she could smell the aroma of food wafting through the air. She sniffed around and thought, “Yum, food...But where is it coming from?” Looking around, she continued to sniff. Eventually, she followed her nose and soon arrived at the neighbor’s house. The smell of delicious food got stronger and Puffin knew she was in the right place. Quietly, seeing as no one was around, she entered the house. Puffin jumped onto the kitchen table and began to snatch food. As she was about to grab more, she heard voices coming towards her and she quickly escaped the house.

On her way back, Puffin realized what she had done and felt bad. She then thought of her  mother who had passed away. She detoured to the graveyard and sat before her mother’s portrait. Feeling guilty and remorseful, she said, “Mother, I have done something wrong. I just stole someone’s food, but it was my first time! I promise I won’t do that again. Yes, mother, I remember your words, ‘do not hunger over things that don’t belong to you.’ Since I was a kitten, you always taught me not to steal and reminded me to be a pure and noble cat. That’s why I’m here to confess. Please forgive me.” Puffin cried and repeatedly said to herself, “Never will I be a thief again!”

A week went by and one afternoon, while Puffin was wandering around the garden, she again smelled delicious food. She seemed to have forgotten her earlier promise and quickly entered the house to steal again. This time, she consoled herself by saying, “The family prepared too much food anyway and I was only trying to help them finish it all!”

Then, after a couple of days, Puffin showed up at the neighbor’s house and stole food again for the third time, her theft now becoming a habit. This time, she sought to justify her actions and thought, “Why did they leave food out there to tempt me? It’s not my fault!”

Without feeling guilty or sorry, she continued to steal the neighbor’s food. By the fourth time, Puffin started to find her own suitable reasons for her wrongdoing. She began to speak not only for herself but for cat society as a whole. She made a long and eloquent argument, declaring “In cat society, it’s unfair that some are rich and some are poor. There is a need to redistribute social resources, and so we need a cat to carry out such duty in the name of justice. This burden has fallen onto me and I was chosen.”

As time went by, her theft continued for the fifth time, then sixth, seventh, and had become her daily habit, Puffin was now sitting at the neighbor’s table and eating their food like a customer in a restaurant. 

Eventually, the neighbor realized what Puffin was doing. They prepared lots of food and waited for her to visit. Without fail, Puffin made her way into the house as was her habit. Except this time, she was caught red-handed by the police. And she was led, handcuffed, to the police car, she yelled to the neighbor, “I'm not a thief, I am a noble messenger of justice...I was only trying to help you...”
Despite her now difficult situation, Puffin still showed no remorse for what she had done.

This story highlights how one’s conscience can be drowned by desire. When Puffin stole food for the first time, she felt sorry and guilty. However, this moral sense did not last long. Soon, she was overwhelmed by her desires and acted in ways without conscience.

If we look at the chaos in today’s society, it is due to the lack of conscience. The Buddha once said, “If one can adorn in good conscience, such is supremely solemn.”

In order for the world to become a better place, one important principle to uphold is “humility.” We should have humility through being aware of things we have done wrong and resolve to improve. In this story, as Puffin stole food she went through a mental process, and time after time, she tried to find reasonable explanations for her mistakes. However, she made no resolve to stop her wrongdoing.

For someone without a conscience, killing, stealing, sexual misconduct, lying, or being intoxicated means nothing. If today’s world has more and more of such immoral people, then problems arising from pornography, violence, corruption, crime, and discrimination will be endless. Everyone has a personal responsibility to keep society safe and peaceful. Each of us should work to purify our hearts and mind and cultivate a virtuous and just conscience.

Just as Venerable Master Hsing Yun says,
“Conscience is the clothing that adorns the body and mind.
Repentance is the water that purifies heart and mind.”
----------------------------

星雲說喻英文有聲書
Storyteller:妙光法師

點此聆聽:https://bit.ly/32hFK4V

偷吃的貓

有一隻貓子偷吃鄰家的飯菜。第一次,牠覺得心裡不安,滿懷罪惡感,對著母親的遺像懺悔,說:「媽媽,您從小教我要做一隻清清白白的貓子,不可以貪求人類的東西,我真該死,竟然做了這檔壞事。」

牠嗚嗚地哭著,心中不斷告訴自己,不可以再當小偷了。但是事實不然,牠又偷吃了。第二次偷吃時,牠自我安慰說:「反正飯菜那麼多,他們也吃不完,我不過是『幫忙』吃而已!」

第三次偷吃時,牠理直氣壯地告訴自己:「誰叫他們不把飯菜收拾好,一再地引誘我上門,這不是我的錯啊!」

第四次偷吃時,牠已經像個選舉時的候選人,慷慨激昂地發表高論:「貓子的社會充滿貧富不均,需要重新分配社會資源,我就是那個執行正義的使者。」

第五次、第六次、第七次……多次之後,貓子像個上餐館點菜的顧客,大搖大擺地跳上桌子,大口享用鄰人的飯菜。

暗路走多了,難免碰到鬼。有一天,貓子終於被巡邏的警察逮到。臨上警車時,牠對著圍觀的群眾說:「我可不是小偷,我是一個高貴的正義使者。」

貓子第一次偷吃,心裡尚且感到羞愧難安,只是這一分良知不久就被欲望的洪流給淹沒了。
佛陀曾說:「慚恥之服,無上莊嚴。」維繫世間人倫的綱紀,就是「慚愧」。

當今社會之所以亂象叢生,就是由於缺少慚愧心,如同貓子偷吃飯菜的心理過程,一次又一次地為自己所犯下的過錯,找尋合理的解釋。

一個沒有慚愧心的人,在他的認知裡,殺、盜、淫、妄、酒算不了什麼。但是在社會上,這樣的人一多,色情、暴力、貪汙、詐欺、傷害等等問題,也就難有止盡了。這個社會的安定,人人都有責任,讓我們一起來為人心的淨化、道德的重整、良知的挽回而努力!


2020年7月6日 星期一

56 - Soccer Game

The Buddhist Podcast for Stories to Inspire, Mindfulness, and Spirituality

56 - Soccer Game Host: Venerable Miao Guang


Listen to the full story here. (Or on iTunes, Spotify, or wherever you listen to podcast.)


Once upon a time, there was a soccer fan named Mike. He was so devoted that he never missed a soccer game of his favorite team, the current champions. One time, it was the finals of the championship and his team and their rivals had attracted over 100,000 spectators. Mike was there with his friends cheering on their favorite team. It was a very close-fought game and everyone was sitting on the edge of their seats with excitement as the intensity of the match continued to rise. 

Going into the second half, the game was a close tie, each team having scored one goal apiece. Sitting next to Mike was his friend Ben. Both were following the game with great enthusiasm when Mike decided to light his cigarette. As he started smoking, he was unaware that the flame from the cigarette had started to burn Ben’s shirt. Suddenly, feeling the burn on his skin, Ben yelped, “Ouch! That hurts!”

Only then did Mike realize that due to his carelessness, his friend’s shirt had caught fire due to his cigarette. He quickly apologized, “I’m so sorry for burning your shirt.” Just at that moment, their favorite team had scored a goal. As Ben was so focused on the game’s development, he simply shrugged and replied, “Oh! Don’t worry about it, I’ll just buy a new shirt.” Without feeling bothered, he turned his attention back to the game.

But, they both did not realize that Ben’s shirt was still aflame, and as everyone was busy cheering on their respective teams, the fire spread to the long hair of Ben’s girlfriend. She suddenly screamed, “Ahh! My hair!” At that moment, Mike realized that Ben’s shirt was still on fire and that it had spread. He quickly reached over to put the fire out while apologized at the same time, “I’m so sorry, it was my fault...because of my cigarette…” But before he could finish explaining and apologizing, the other team had stolen the ball and scored a goal. Ben’s girlfriend was so focused on the action that she didn’t seem to care too much about what had just happened to her hair. She said, “Oh! Don’t worry about it, this game is more important than my hair, I’ll just get a haircut!” She quickly turned her attention back to the game.

This story highlights that, when we view something as more important than our notion of self-importance we can avoid many disputes over right and wrong. Mike’s friend and girlfriend were able to overcome their attachment to their notion of self-importance or self-conceit, as the soccer game was more important and it didn’t matter to them what happened to his shirt or her hair. If they had remained attached to their notion of self-importance, then the situation could easily have escalated into a big argument with Mike.

In Buddhism, there is a concept known as “no-self.” “No-self” does not mean that there is no notion of the self, what it truly means is that we should not cling to the concept of a self that is unchanging. Buddhism explains that the concept of the self is made up of the Five Skandhas, a collection of elements consisting of form, feelings, perceptions, mental formation, and consciousness. To see the self in terms of these elements, we can recognize that the self is not simply a single entity that is fixed and independent. Often, we grasp onto things believing they are real, fixed, and do so from the point of view of our ego or pride. This leads to our suffering. We should learn to see through this delusion by accepting the empty nature of the self. This means to truly see the self in terms of the Five Skandhas, to recognize that the true self is just a momentary gathering of conditions which eventually will disperse.

Once we understand the empty nature of the self, we can eliminate discrimination between people and let go of our attachments. Walking this path can help us overcome suffering and be liberated. If we can forget the self and understand the empty nature of the self, this will surely lessen our afflictions and sufferings.

Just as Venerable Master Hsing Yun says,
“By being mindful of impermanence, one can see the origin and cessation of things and thus practice diligently.
By being mindful of no-self, you can know your true nature and thus be at ease.

----------------------------

星雲說喻英文有聲書
Storyteller:妙光法師

點此聆聽:https://bit.ly/2BM5AmD

足球賽

有一場足球賽吸引了十萬名觀眾,大家正在聚精會神地觀看時,有個觀眾抽香菸抽到渾然忘我,不小心香菸燒到鄰座人的衣服上,叫了一聲:「唉喲!好痛!」

這時,抽菸的人才意識到自己的疏忽,連忙道歉,鄰座的人由於專心觀看球賽,也就不計較,
連說不要緊,回去再買一件就好了,完全不把衣服著火的事掛在心上。誰知這個人衣服上的火,沒有滅盡,從後面又燒到隔壁小姐的頭髮上,隔壁小姐的頭髮著了火,大叫:「唉喲!我的頭。」

這個抽菸的人一想,一定是我菸上的火燒到鄰座的小姐,又連忙起身賠不是。這位小姐也看球看得忘我了,也回說不要緊,回去買一頂假髮就好了,繼續觀賞球賽。

這段故事啟示我們,當一個人忘我的時候,他就能免除很多是非,很多爭執。

佛教裡面講「無我」,無我的境界就是無對待、無計較,完全是一個平等的世界,沒有一點爭執,沒有一點計較,就像《般若心經》中說的「照見五蘊皆空,度一切苦厄」。

如果我們每個人能把這個五蘊和合的假我,看成空幻的、不實在的,不在五蘊的「我」上面計較、執著,並且如實知道「我空」、「我」是因緣幻有的話,就能滅除人我對待,滅除時空想法,滅除種種計較、種種執著,進而度一切苦厄,進入涅槃。由此可見,如果要追求幸福快樂,做人不能太過斤斤計較,若能「忘我」、「無我」,反而會減少很多的煩惱和痛苦。

就如星雲大師所言:
由「無常」,可悟緣起緣滅,必能精進;
由「無我」,可知性真性實,必得自在。

2020年6月28日 星期日

55 - Mind Your Own Business

The Buddhist Podcast for Stories to Inspire, Mindfulness, and Spirituality

54 - Follow the Rules Host: Venerable Miao Guang


Listen to the full story here. (Or on iTunes, Spotify, or wherever you listen to podcast.)

Bright and early each morning, at the riverbank, a group of people waited to cross the river by boat. Sam, the ferryman, was in charge of sailing the boat across the river every morning.

One day, Sam overslept and started work later than usual. A frequent passenger greeted him, “Morning Sam!” and smiled, tapping his finger on his watch to show him that he should hurry and get ready.

To get the boat ready, Sam had to push it through sand, and into the river. While pushing the boat into the river, all manner of sea creatures such as shrimp, crabs, and even fish would be pushed out of the way, and some sadly ended up crushed by the boat.

Many people were waiting to cross the river, as the boat was small, Sam had to do a few round trips. Among the people left behind after the first group had left were a scholar and a Chan master.

Looking at the crushed sea creatures, the scholar asked the Chan master, “Master, did you see it? While pushing the boat into the water, the ferryman slaughtered so many lives. All these little fish, shrimps, and crabs were dead. Now, who's fault is it? Is it the passengers or the ferryman? In Buddhism, taking a life is an offense. Who will bear the bad karma resulting from this? Should it be the passenger or the ferryman?”

This is a difficult question to answer. If we say it is the fault of the ferryman, we must consider that it is for the sake of the passengers that he pushed the boat into the water. The crucial detail here is that the ferryman did so with no intention of taking lives. If we say it is the fault of the passengers, we must consider that they simply wished to cross the river, and once again, in doing so had no intention of taking lives. All things being equal, then who exactly is responsible for the loss of so many lives?

The Chan Master cleverly answered, “If this is the case, then it is your fault!”
On hearing this, the scholar became very angry and replied, “Why is it my fault? I am not the ferryman and have yet to board the boat as a passenger. How could this possibly be my fault?”

To teach the scholar an invaluable lesson, the Chan Master then said, “Because you didn’t mind your own business!”

This story highlights that the world itself is always at peace. However, many people are nosy busybodies who create unnecessary gossip. “Mind your own business” is a common saying that asks for the respect of other people's privacy. It also means that people should stop meddling in what does not concern them.

In Buddhism, it states that all karma created has been initiated by the mind. Our mind is the source of our actions. In Chan Buddhism, there is a concept known as “no-mind.” “No-mind” refers to the absence of both aversion and desire in the mind. While one continues to deal with difficulties as they arise in daily life and the mind, one can deal with them without craving, anger, attachment, or vexation. It is important not to confuse “no-mind” with a careless mind. With a mindset of “no-mind,” one can be rid of illusions and discriminations, with one’s mind at peace and in balance. All wrongdoings will subside, and one will naturally become at ease and untroubled.

In this story, the scholar’s question over who is guilty of killing the sea creatures is an example of the incessant mental chatter in our minds. This chatter and unnecessary spread of our thoughts from a single observation pave the way to suffering. This is because our negative thoughts and emotions are triggered by external objects. Our mind is then drawn to the vicious cycle of perceptions about past, present, and future experiences gained from our senses. These senses are based on our inner urges of desire, egotism, and wrong views.

As the Buddha said, “The secret of health for both mind and body is not to mourn for the past, worry about the future or anticipate troubles, but to live in the present moment wisely and earnestly.”

Mindfulness and meditation can remedy this vicious cycle of thoughts created by our minds.  Being mindful of the present moment and observing without discrimination, we avoid negative emotions and unnecessary suffering.

Just as Venerable Master Hsing Yun says, 
A deluded mind is like a hooked fish, the body and mind suffer.
A pure mind is free, shining like a full moon with clarity.

----------------------------

星雲說喻英文有聲書
Storyteller:妙光法師

點此聆聽:https://bit.ly/31p0A1C

誰之過?

一大清早,一群人在河邊等候著船夫撐船過河。等待了許久,船夫終於來到。

船夫一到,首先就把渡船從沙灘上推到了河裡。可是這麼一推,河邊上的小魚、小蝦、小螃蟹都被這艘船給壓死了。

等候乘船的人很多,但是因為船小人多,船夫只能將其中一部分的人先載送過河。在留下來的人當中,有一位秀才和一位禪師。秀才看到渡船壓死魚蝦的情況,就問禪師:「和尚,你也看到的,剛才船夫把船推下水的時候,壓死很多的魚、蝦、螃蟹,你說這究竟是誰的罪過呢?是乘船的人的罪過,還是船夫的罪過?既然佛教說殺生是有罪過的,那麼將來這個罪業是要由乘船的人來受呢?還是由船夫來受呢?」

這個問題實在很難回答,如果說是船夫的罪過,但船夫是為了要度人到對岸,並沒有想要殺生;如果說是乘客的罪過,他們也只是為了要過河,又沒有想要殺生。

如此說來,這麼多的生命喪生,究竟是誰的罪過呢?

禪師回答得很妙,他說:「說起剛才這件事,那是你的罪過!」

秀才聽了很生氣,「怎麼會是我的罪過呢?我既不是船夫,也沒有坐上船,怎麼說是我的罪過呢?」

這時候,禪師轉而指著秀才喝斥道:「因為你多管閒事!」

世間本來沒有事,就因為有的人多管閒事,而惹出很多的是非來。一切的罪過都是由心所造,假如能無心,能滅除這許多妄想、分別,安住在無事、平等當中,一切罪過自會消滅,自然也就可以逍遙自在了。

就如星雲大師所言:
妄心妄境,如魚吞鉤,痛楚割截身心 。
真心正念,不被鉤牽,功如圓滿明月。

2020年6月22日 星期一

54 - Follow the Rules

The Buddhist Podcast for Stories to Inspire, Mindfulness, and Spirituality


54 - Follow the Rules Host: Venerable Miao Guang


Listen to the full story here. (Or on iTunes, Spotify, or wherever you listen to podcast.)



Once upon a time, there was a young family with both children in elementary school. Due to their busy work schedules, the parents were unable to take their children out for short trips. However, as the children had been begging about going to the beach, the parents finally decided to take them out there.

The night before, the dad gathered everyone in the living room and announced, “Seeing as you both have been very well-behaved, mom and I have decided to take you to the beach! But before we leave tomorrow, we need to have a quick meeting, so you both can keep a few things in mind.”

Slightly frustrated, the son, Daniel, began yelling, “Dad…why?! I thought we’re going to the beach for fun! Why do you always have to set rules on us?! This is pointless, we just want to have fun and play around!”

The daughter Rosie, also shouted, “Yeah dad! Stop being so serious! We’re finally going on holiday, can’t we just enjoy ourselves?!”

Listening to his children, the dad was extremely disappointed and the meeting ended abruptly, leaving everyone gloomy for the remainder of the evening. 

The next day, as the family arrived at the beach, they were drawn to the beautiful sights of the golden sand and the calmness of the deep blue sea. Many people were in the water, splashing each other and letting the waves wash over them. Others were building sandcastles or surfing. Seeing how much fun everyone was having, Daniel was eager to get into the water. He began opening the bags they had brought with them. After searching for a while, he could not find his swimsuit. Frustrated, he complained to his dad and said, “Where is my swimsuit?”

His dad shrugged and replied, “I don’t know.”

Daniel whined, “Why didn’t you remind us to bring our swimsuits? Going to the beach is pointless if we can’t swim!”

His dad said, “Son, last night I gathered you all to discuss what we needed to prepare and bring for our trip. But, you didn’t want to listen, thinking that it would mean more responsibility and rules for you. So in the end, of course, no one remembered to pack swimsuits.”

Listening on, the mum added, “This is what happens when you don’t listen to your dad and I. In the end, you are the ones that suffer the consequences.” 

As the children could not see the importance behind following rules and obeying their parents, the family had a disappointing time at the beach. As a result, they ended their trip early and returned home.

Soon after returning home, it was almost dinner time. Daniel and Rosie came to the dining table. However, to their surprise, nothing was prepared. They asked, “Mom, where is our dinner?” Their mother replied, “There is no rule that says I have to cook every meal for you! You can both find a way to feed yourselves.”

At that moment, Daniel and Rosie finally realized why their parents had always set rules for the family.

This story highlights that many of us do not like rules, as we feel constrained by them. There is a Chinese saying, “Without following rules, not even a square or a circle is possible.” This means that there needs to be a set of rules or standards, otherwise, we cannot make a square or circle.

In this world, we exist and live in a society surrounded by people. Whether it be in public spaces, workplaces, or even social gatherings, we need certain conventional rules in order for everyone to work and live together cohesively. Working in an orderly manner requires delegation and cooperation in order to achieve common goals. However, young people today strive to be innovative and different, quite often calling out for freedom without rules. They perceive these rules as confinement, thinking it dictates the way they should live and work. In reality, if our freedom is aimless and without boundaries, it can be very dangerous. Just like driving a car without brakes. As you enjoy the feeling of the speeding car, at the same time, disaster could strike any moment when we lose control of our vehicle.

Therefore, there need to be rules for everyone to follow within society, our homes, and in life, so that we can live in harmony and happiness.

In Buddhism, we are encouraged to observe the Five Precepts, which are to refrain from killing, stealing, sexual misconduct, lying, and intoxicants. Many people think that by upholding these Five Precepts, it is like imposing restrictions on themselves. However, the purpose of these Precepts is to help guard our actions, so that we do not cause harm to others and ourselves. As a result, we can enjoy true freedom from the joys of living in peace and harmony with one another.
  
Just as Venerable Master Hsing Yun says,
      “Precepts are the jewels that adorn body and mind.
      Precepts are light breaking through the darkness.
      Precepts are the rain after a drought.
      Precepts are a moated castle holding off the enemy.”


----------------------------

星雲說喻英文有聲書
Storyteller:妙光法師


點此聆聽:https://bit.ly/2YZfwR5

遊戲規則

有一戶人家,父母親準備帶領小兒小女到海邊戲水。出發前一天晚上,父親召集大家講說隔天要到海邊遊玩的注意事項,以及工作分配。只見兒子嘟著嘴說:「爸爸,好討厭!一天到晚訂什麼規則,連到海邊玩水,也要來這一套!」

女兒也表示抗議:「爸爸,輕鬆一點嘛!老是要分配我們做什麼事,好不容易有這麼一個假日,何必弄得那麼嚴肅呢?」

最後,這場家庭會議就在不歡喜的氣氛中草草結束。

第二天,一家人來到海邊。望著沙灘的美好,海水的平靜,不少人在那裡游泳,兒子也想跟著他們一起下水游泳,但是翻遍了行李箱,卻怎麼也找不到泳衣,不禁抱怨起來:「爸爸,您怎麼沒有交代我們要帶泳衣出門呢?害得我們不能盡情地玩水。」

這時候,爸爸就說了:「兒子呀!昨天晚上的會議,原本就是要和大家商量這些事的,但是你們都不要我訂注意事項,不願意我分配工作,當然今天出門也就沒有人想起要帶泳衣了。」

由於不講究分工,不重視規則,最後事情落得不能圓滿,大家也沒有玩興,提早就結束行程,回到了家裡。

回到家中不久,吃飯時間一到,兒女們紛紛來到飯桌前,只是奇怪地,飯桌上竟然空無一物,於是他們就問:「媽媽,我們的飯菜呢?」

這時候,媽媽說:「沒有規定飯菜一定要由媽媽煮呀!你們自己想辦法吧!」

這回,兒女們終於明白父母平日訂定規則的苦心。

一般人都不喜歡規則,覺得受到約束,但是在這個世間上,所謂「不依規矩,不能成方圓」,在眾人集合的社會裡,就是需要有這麼一個約定俗成的法則,大家分工合作、合作分工,才有秩序。所以,現代的年輕人,所謂「新新人類」,有些人標新立異,高喊著爭取自由,不要規則。事實上,如果自由漫無目的,那是很危險的,就像一部沒有煞車裝備的車,當你享受著飆車的快感時,也處處潛藏著危機。


因此,我們的社會、我們的家園、我們的人生,還是要有一個規則,大家共同遵循,才能幸福快樂。

就如星雲大師所言:
守持戒法如瓔珞,可以莊嚴身心。
守持戒法如明燈,可以照破痴暗。
守持戒法如甘霖,可以解除乾旱。
守持戒法如城池,可以抵擋魔外。


2020年6月14日 星期日

53 - Being Saved

The Buddhist Podcast for Stories to Inspire, Mindfulness, and Spirituality


53 - Being Saved Host: Venerable Miao Guang


Listen to the full story here. (Or on iTunes, Spotify, or wherever you listen to podcast.)




Once upon a time, there lived three people in a house, each with a disability. One was deaf, another was blind, and the third crippled. They met in a hospital, later became good friends and then lived together. Their house was designed to suit their individual needs so they could easily carry out their daily routines.

One day, the deaf person was cooking lunch. While busy with the stove, a kitchen towel caught fire. He panicked and tried to put it out with water but, before he knew it, the fire spread, and it quickly raged out of control. 

He ran to warn his two friends. In a panic, they had to rapidly resolve issues: What can they do first? How do they respond? More importantly, how do they escape the fire safely despite their disabilities?

The blind person thought of a plan. He told his crippled friend to get on his back so he could carry him. He then grabbed his deaf friend’s arm and signaled for him to follow. All three of them were to be guided outside to safety by the instructions of their crippled friend.

Quickly, the three of them managed to evacuate the house. Outside, the firemen had just arrived. Amazed at their teamwork and cooperation, they had safely escaped the fire. 

The moral of the story is that in this world, we rely on one another and coexist together. All things are made possible from causes and conditions. Nothing exists on its own, no person is an island, this is the unchanging truth of the universe.

Take a flower for example. Planting the seed is the cause. But it cannot bloom without conditions such as soil, water, sunlight, and air. All these conditions come together to make it possible for this flower to blossom. Likewise, the house we live in requires more than just bricks and cement. We need other materials such as slates, steel, wood, nails, glass, and so on. Also, we need builders, designers, plumbers, architects, and other professionals. This ensures a house has solid foundations, preventing damage and other issues.

Buddhism explains that the human body is made up of the four great elements, consisting of earth, water, fire, and air, as well as the five skandhas. Skandhas mean “aggregates.” The Five Skandhas are: form, feeling, perceptions, mental formations and consciousness. Form includes everything we can see, touch, hear, smell, and taste. Feelings occur when the mind responds to the outside world, and our perception refers to how we conceptualize or connect with external phenomena. Once we are aware of what is happening around us, that’s when mental formations are formed. They refer to activities that are produced from the awareness of mental objects. Last but not least, our consciousness, which is our awareness of ourselves and the world around us. For example, by using the same sense of smell, our awareness differentiates between pleasant and unpleasant smells. 

As the human body is made up of the four great elements and five skandhas, if any element is absent, the body cannot exist. If any of these conditions that make up a human body is unbalanced, that is when we fall sick. 

Buddhism speaks of the principle of causes and conditions. It means that all things come to fruition from causes and conditions. All existence follows this reciprocal relationship, hence the law of causes and conditions is the Truth.

If one can contemplate causes and conditions, we know how to appreciate all people and things we encounter in our lives. Furthermore, we must cultivate causes and conditions by making affinities with others. This will pave the way to ensuring that everything runs smoothly. It is often said, “in unity is strength,” meaning if we come together as one, we can survive. Just like in this story, the deaf, the blind, and the crippled needed to help one another and cooperate harmoniously to escape the fire. In other words, the right causes and conditions were there for the three of them to overcome the disaster.

Just as Venerable Master Hsing Yun says,
“Things arise out of causes and conditions.
Things disappear due to causes and conditions.
With causes and conditions, all goes well.
Without good causes and conditions, success is impossible.”

----------------------------

星雲說喻英文有聲書
Storyteller:妙光法師

點此聆聽:https://bit.ly/2YBcuCv

相依得救
有一棟房子失火,屋子裡面有三個人,一個是聾子,一個是瞎子,一個是跛子。這三個人要怎麼做,才能逃過這場災難呢?於是他們三人通力合作,瞎子背著跛子,聾子攙著瞎子,由跛子負責指路和呼救。就這樣三個人一條心,安全的逃出火場。

故事中的跛子、聾子、瞎子,就如同佛教提出的「因緣」;世間上所有的物質,都是因緣和合而成,相互依存而生,沒有一樣東西可以單獨存在,這是宇宙人生不變的真理。以花朵為例,花之所以能夠綻放,不但事先要有因種子,還要有緣土地、水分、陽光、空氣等等,眾緣和合,才能開花結果。

還有我們居住的房子,不光是有磚頭、水泥就可以建造一棟房子,還必須要有瓦片、鋼筋、木材、洋釘、玻璃等等材料,加上人的智慧巧思及工匠技藝,才能遮風避雨,堅固耐用。

人身是由四大五蘊和合而成的,骨頭、皮肉、毛髮、呼吸、體溫、唾液等等,缺一不可,少了任何一樣,就不能存在,如果有一些因緣不協調,身體就會有毛病。佛教所談的因緣法則說明著,世間上的萬事萬物都是依因待緣的聚合,依著相互的關係而存在,因緣法就是真理。

能夠深觀因緣,就能透視萬法本末,回歸到人生中,要能觀照生命中的人事物,要感謝因緣,要培養因緣,平時緣結得廣,處事自然順利方便。日常行事中,再也沒有比結緣更重要的了。


我們常說「團結就是力量」,就是說明和合凝聚便能存在,如同聾子、瞎子、跛子三個人,因為互相幫助,互相合作,才能順利逃出火窟。

就如星雲大師所言:
凡事緣聚而成,凡事緣散而滅。有了因緣,事事順遂;因緣不合,處處失利。


2020年6月7日 星期日

52 - Returning His Worries

The Buddhist Podcast for Stories to Inspire, Mindfulness, and Spirituality


52 - Returning His Worries Host: Venerable Miao Guang


Listen to the full story here. (Or on iTunes, Spotify, or wherever you listen to podcast.)



Once upon a time, there lived a young couple, James and Anna, both taught in the same elementary school. Even though both earned average salaries, they were always happy and enjoyed their work. Their students enjoyed their cheerful characters and looked forward to their classes.

In the apartment next to James and Anna lived the Chairman of a real estate company, named Aaron. Though he lived a wealthy and lavish lifestyle, he was always unhappy. He worried about being robbed, and his possessions stolen. As a result, he always felt restless and unsettled.

Aaron often worked at home on weekends. His secretary would come to his place to drop off documents. One Saturday morning, as Aaron waited for his secretary, he went to the balcony to get some fresh air.  Looking around, he couldn’t help but notice the young couple, enjoying each other’s company, chatting on their balcony.  

James said to Anna, “It’s almost the end of the school year and we have yet to rehearse our performance for the teachers’ end of year party! Should we start practicing today?”

Anna replied, “Oh yes! Let’s start today! Why don’t you pick a song you can play on the piano, and I’ll sing along to it?”

In no time, the young couple had settled on a song and began rehearsing. While Aaron had gone back into his apartment, he had left the balcony doors open and heard the cheerful singing coming from James and Anna’s apartment. 

When his secretary arrived, he sighed to her, “Do you hear that? That young couple lives a simple and humble life. Why are they so happy? Simply playing the piano and singing brings them joy. I live in a luxurious apartment with a well-paid job. Surely I have achieved more than them, and yet, why am I so unhappy and miserable?!”

On hearing what Aaron said, his secretary replied, “If you're so unhappy and miserable, you can always share your worries with them!”

Puzzled, Aaron asked, “How do I do that? How can I share my worries with the young couple?!”

“You can give them one million dollars! That amount means very little to you anyway!” said the secretary.

After hearing what his secretary said, Aaron visited James and Anna the next day and gifted them one million dollars.

“You are too generous! I’m not sure we can accept such a large sum of money!” said James. 

“No, no, I am honored to share my wealth with you. As neighbors, we should look after each other. Please accept it,” replied Aaron. 

With slight hesitation, James and Anna finally accepted the money. However, as reality set in that they had just been given one million dollars, they were so happy that they couldn’t sleep that night. 

James turned to Anna, and asked, “What do you think we should do with the money?”

Anna said, “We should keep it in a safe place, save it for a rainy day.”
James agreed, “Yes you're right, we can probably hide the money under the bed or get a safe and lock it up. What do you think?”

Anna, deep in thought, replied, “I don’t think the house is safe, what if someone finds out and robs us?”

As the night wore on, both were unable to agree to a solution. They felt that no matter what they chose, nowhere would be safe. They kept disagreeing and for the rest of the night, they both tossed and turned in bed. It wasn’t until the next morning that they came to a mutual realization. Anna said to James, “Don’t you think the cash that we have received overnight has brought unwanted worries into our lives??” 

James replied, “Yes, I think you’re right. We should return the one million dollars to Aaron.”

That evening, James and Anna decided to visit Aaron. As they greeted Aaron on his doorstep, holding the money in a large bag, the young couple happily said, “Thank you for the one million dollars, but these are your worries, not ours. We are better off returning your worries to you!”

This story highlights that money in itself is neither good nor bad. When linked to the act of doing good deeds, money is our wealth. However, when used to stimulate our greed, money embodies the evil within us. As the saying goes, “There is no differentiation in Dharma, for Dharma itself is neither good or evil. Our actions, whether good or evil, speak the Dharma. Therefore, through understanding the law of cause and effect, good deeds will bring good merits while wrongdoings will bring bad karma. It is our choice of how we choose to use the Dharma in our lives.” Ultimately, we choose how we spend our money. Many people choose to do little with their money, leaving their savings in their bank account. However, our life savings cannot follow us beyond death.

While this story demonstrates the scenario that wealth can bring worries into our lives, we should learn to appreciate that wealth also provides us the opportunity to help and serve others. When we contribute to society, we should remember that money is not the only measure of our wealth. Wealth can be seen in every aspect of our lives. For example, speaking kind words, doing good deeds, giving others convenience, and developing good affinities with others. These are all forms of wealth. Therefore, true wealth resembles the motion of water, in that it only becomes valuable through allowing it to flow and circulate.

Many people in this world are wealthy. But few truly know how to spend their wealth. Money is only truly yours when well spent. Are you willing to take on these words of wisdom?

Just as Venerable Master Hsing Yun says,
Money can gain merits if used for good.
Money can be evil if used for ill.
To possess wealth is a blessing.
To spend it well is true wisdom.

----------------------------



星雲說喻英文有聲書
Storyteller:妙光法師


點此聆聽:https://bit.ly/3f4Ekhh

把煩惱還給他
有一對年輕夫婦,同在一所小學裡教書,雖然待遇不高,但是每天夫唱婦隨的上下班,倒也愉快。隔壁的大樓裡,住了一位董事長,每天為錢苦惱,怕被偷、被搶,所以生活得很不自在。有一天,他聽到隔壁傳來愉快的歌聲,非常不高興地說道:「他們住的如此簡陋,生活得如此清貧,還彈什麼琴、唱什麼歌?我住在高樓大廈,有地位、有金錢,為什麼還這麼苦惱呢?」

他的祕書忍不住開口:「報告董事長,如果您嫌苦惱的話,可以把煩惱送給隔壁的夫婦啊!」

「怎麼把煩惱送給他們呢?」

「您可以送給他們一百萬元,反正一百萬對您來說也只是九牛一毛。」

董事長聽了以後勉為其難的決定試一試。這對甜蜜夫妻一夕之間得到一百萬,歡喜的不得了,整個晚上無法安眠,不知道要將一百萬藏在哪裡,無論放在枕頭下、床底下、抽屜裡或櫥子裡,感覺似乎到處都不安全。於是就這樣折騰了一夜,直到第二天天亮,這對夫妻終於有了一個醒悟,決定把這一百萬元還給董事長,並說:「這是您的煩惱,還是還給您吧!」

錢非善非惡,用在功德善事,錢即是淨財;用在長養貪心,錢即是罪惡。雖然世間上有錢是一種煩惱,但是有錢卻可以幫助別人,為他人服務。所以說「法非善惡,善惡是法」。


世上會賺錢的人比比皆是,但是會用錢的人是稀有難得,「錢用了才是自己的」,這句智慧的良言,又幾人會得?

就如星雲大師所言:
懂得用錢的人,金錢是功德。不會用錢的人,金錢是罪惡。
擁有錢是福報,會用錢才是智慧。




2020年5月31日 星期日

#51 - Barks of Life

The Buddhist Podcast for Stories to Inspire, Mindfulness, and Spirituality


51 - Barks of Life Host: Venerable Miao Guang


Listen to the full story here. (Or on iTunes, Spotify, or wherever you listen to podcast.)



Once upon a time, there was a young man named Ray who recently got married. He met his wife in college, and they instantly fell in love with each other.

One evening, Ray met with his friends for dinner. Since Ray was just recently married, his friends were curious and asked him how married life was.

Ray happily replied, “Married life is wonderful! I feel so happy and content. When I was single, I would come home to an empty house with no dinner ready. So I always resorted to eating instant noodles. But now, when I get home, I am greeted by my dear wife, beaming with joy upon seeing me. Her lovely smile is what I look forward to coming home. Not only that, she also brings me my slippers at the door, and makes me feel very at home. Even Fluffy--our adorable dog runs around me, barking with joy. Furthermore, my wife’s delicious cooking is ready on the dining table, waiting for me. Who would complain about such a life? I’m blessed with the perfect married life!”

Ray’s friends nodded as they listened, and felt happy their friend was lucky to have found a great life partner. However, Ray’s happy, married life was not to last forever.  

One year later, Ray met with his friends again. Before his friends even had a chance to ask, he began to complain, “Married life is upsetting. When I come home, my wife no longer greets me with a smile, instead, she nags me...telling me to do house chores, demanding that we make this or that investment, expecting that I come home on time, blah blah blah.”

One of his friends interrupted him and asked, “No more slippers then?”

Ray continued, “No! My dog brings me my slippers now. My wife is too busy nagging me. It’s only been a year, my romantic dinners have vanished, my gentle loving wife has turned into a nagging companion. Being married is like being in prison.”

Seeing Ray so downcast, his friends suggested that he go to the temple and speak to a Venerable. Though Ray was not religious, he thought why not, any good reason to get away from his nagging wife is welcomed.

Upon arriving at the temple, Ray went to the Main Shrine and was greeted by a Venerable who was expecting him. The Venerable led him to the reception room. On the table, tea and snacks were available. A little surprised, Ray quietly took a seat. Then the Venerable said, “Please have some tea and help yourself to the snacks.” Ray took a cup and sipped the tea. The Venerable asked, “How can I help?” Without holding back, Ray confided to the Venerable.

After listening to Ray, the Venerable said, “There is no need to feel troubled. You can still enjoy happy days like before.”

Puzzled, Ray asked, “How?”

The Venerable replied, “Well, it sounds to me that nothing has changed. Because when you arrive home, you still have someone that comes to greet you and brings you slippers. And there is still barking in the house.”

Ray frowned and mumbled, “But…”

The Venerable continued, “But the only difference is, your wife and your dog have swapped roles. Now you are greeted by your clever dog Fluffy, who is happy to see you and brings you slippers. As for your wife’s nagging, treat it like your dog’s barking, but in a different tune. You see, your life has not changed, you still have slippers waiting for you and barking when you arrive.”

Ray was comforted by the Venerable’s words and immediately felt better about his situation at home.

The moral of this story is that regardless of how the external world changes, what matters most is how we maintain our internal world. We need not let the external world drive us into misery and trouble. Shifting our mindset and transforming our delusions can help us resolve our internal conflicts. No matter what situation we face, if we can take charge and master our mind, we can live happily and be carefree.

However, we are often influenced by the external world due to our fragile mind. When we hear words of praise and see things we like, we feel like we’re in heaven. On the other hand, if we hear criticism or see things we dislike, we feel upset and hurt, even to the extent of losing sleep over it. As a result, this impacts our mental wellbeing and ability to enjoy life.

One of the Buddhist texts states that the mind of the Buddha is pure, without flattery and deceit, always basking in joy and compassion. Fundamentally, the mind of the Buddha and the ordinary mind is the same. If we can turn stinginess into selflessness, anger into happiness, greed into generosity, and violence into compassion, inevitably our worries and troubles will cease. This can be further explained through an analogy, namely, one will no longer be licking honey from the sharp edge of a knife. This illustrates that we are driven by our desires, that our cravings are strong, like the honey on the sharp edge of a knife. Though dangerous and we could easily cut our tongue licking the knife, we choose to take the risk just so we could satisfy our desires.

If we strive to change our external world, would it not be more important to change our internal world instead? Changing our mindset is the key, as the world can be seen as the manifestation of our mind. For example, on seeing a pond filled with fallen flowers, some may feel sad that the flowers have wilted and are no longer beautiful. In contrast, some people look forward to the fruits that are soon to come. These contrasting interpretations of the same scenario demonstrate that everything in this world can be found in our perceptions. Through transforming the way we think, we can transcend suffering and appreciate the pleasures in life.

Just as Venerable Master Hsing Yun says,
“Water is quiet if not stirred by the wind.
The mind perseveres if not stirred by distractions.”

----------------------------

星雲說喻英文有聲書
Storyteller:妙光法師

點此聆聽:https://bit.ly/2MilWVD

小狗汪汪叫

有一個年輕人,剛結婚時,逢人便說,有了家庭生活多麼美好、多愜意。他說:「單身時,只能回家吃泡麵度日,現在一回到家,大門一開,笑容可掬的太太提著拖鞋讓我穿上;一進到屋子裡,可愛的小狗圍著我汪汪叫,餐桌上菜香四溢,你看人生多麼美好?擁有家庭多麼幸福呀!」

一年後,他逢人便訴苦:「結婚好煩惱,有了家庭好煩惱。因為現在一回到家,太太不再拿拖鞋給我穿了,換成小狗啣拖鞋給我,我的太太繞著我汪汪叫:要求我要分擔家事,要求我要懂得投資之道,要求我要準時回家……一年後,浪漫的燭光晚餐不見了,溫柔可人的太太變成管家婆,結婚這麼不自由,簡直像個牢獄一般。」

年輕人心情苦悶,跑到寺廟向一位法師訴苦。法師聽完年輕人的話,告訴他:「你大可不必再苦惱,你仍然可以過著幸福快樂的日子。為什麼呢?你的拖鞋一樣有善解人意的小狗給你啣來,太太對你要求的聲音,就當作小狗可愛的汪汪叫,彷彿是像一首又一首的幸福樂曲,你的生活,還是和以前一樣美滿。」

這個世界怎麼改變並不重要,重要的是我們內心的世界,不要陷入外境的迷思而平添煩惱。我們常因外境心生分別,一句好話上天堂,一句批評則茶飯無味,輾轉難眠。

《華嚴經‧普賢三昧品》說,如來的心「離諸諂誑心清淨,常樂慈悲性歡喜」,凡夫的心原與如來無二致,只要懂得化慳心為捨心,化瞋心為喜心,化貪心為施心,化殺心為慈心,自然解冤消愁,不再於刀口上舔蜜,貪求世間五欲的滋味。

改變外在的環境,不如改變我們內在的心境。就如一池落花,兩樣心情。有人憐惜好花飄零,有人卻喜花果將熟。


就如星雲大師所言:
水,不為外境所動,即能波瀾不生。
心,不為外境所動,即能堅忍其性。



2020年5月25日 星期一

50 - Better off Blind

The Buddhist Podcast for Stories to Inspire, Mindfulness, and Spirituality


50 - Better off Blind Host: Venerable Miao Guang


Listen to the full story here. (Or on iTunes, Spotify, or wherever you listen to podcast.)



Once upon a time lived a young couple, Josh and Jane. Both were in their twenties living a comfortable life with excellent careers. Josh was tall, handsome, fit, and popular with everyone. Jane was not only smart but also had the looks to rival a model. They were the perfect match, glamorous and stunning as a couple. It wasn’t long before they fell in love and were married.

Despite living a healthy lifestyle, Josh and Jane suffered from severe migraines. Due to their busy careers, they did not think to see a doctor for treatment of their shared condition. One day, while shopping for groceries, they passed by a pharmacy. Josh immediately said, “Jane, let’s check out the pharmacy and see what medicine they have.” 

Without thinking twice, Jane replied, “Great idea, let’s see what they have available.”   

However, without seeking proper medical advice, they were quick to buy what was available on the shelf and did not even research the potential side effects of taking the medication.

A few days later, as Josh and Jane were suffering yet another migraine, they took the medication they bought from the pharmacy. Both went to bed early that night, but, in the morning, they woke up to a completely different world. In a panic, Jane nudged Josh and screamed, “Oh my goodness! I don’t know what is happening but I can’t see!”

Not knowing what to do, Josh tried to clear his eyes as he replied, “I can’t see either! My vision has turned pitch black! What is going on?!”

One of the side effects of taking the migraine medicine had resulted in their vision being severely impaired. Overnight, both had turned blind.  

Trying to come to terms with their shocking new reality, Josh and Jane were very afraid of losing each other. Their only source of comfort was to hold each other’s hands and hug each other. It was the reassurance they desperately needed to never leave each other. Over time, they became accustomed to their new way of life. Josh and Jane enjoyed each other’s company by making the most of their sense of touch and hearing.

Thirty years passed in a flash, and one day, Josh’s friend Max came over to visit them.
As Max came through the front door, he was greeted by Josh and Jane’s warm smiles. “How are you both doing?” Max asked.

“We’re doing great! We’re planning to spend the weekend relaxing at home and doing some housework. It does take us twice as long to get things done, on account of not being able to see.” Josh replied.

Having seen what the couple had been through over the years, Max asked, “Have you guys considered seeking treatment to restore your eyesight?”

Jane replied, “Yes, we’ve already visited several eye doctors in the past, and tried everything available, but so far nothing has worked.”

Seeing Jane’s disappointment, Max responded, “Technology has advanced significantly these days, and treatments are now much more effective. I know a high-profile eye doctor! He’s been very successful in treating patients with severe vision impairment. Maybe you guys should visit him for a consultation.” 

Unconvinced, Josh hesitated and replied, “Is it really worth seeking another diagnosis? We have tried everything, so why would this eye doctor find or recommend something different from those we’ve already seen?” 

Jane, feeling more optimistic, said, “I think we should try one more time. There’s no harm in seeking another medical professional’s advice anyway! Max, if you can connect us with the eye doctor, we will make an appointment.”   

After a few consultations with this eye doctor, Josh and Jane decided to have surgery on their eyes. It was a successful operation and both had their eyesight restored.

However, as Josh opened his eyes for the first time in thirty years, he was shocked when he saw his wife. The wrinkles on Jane’s forehead and her sagging skin was an almost unbearable sight for Josh. He yelled, “You're not my wife! This woman I see standing in front of me is ugly, who are you and what have you done with my wife?!”

As for Jane, likewise, she stared at Josh in utter shock and shouted, “You're not my husband! My husband is handsome and charming. This man cannot be him!”

Their youthful memories of each other’s beautiful and handsome looks had been robbed by the harsh reality of time passing and the aging of the human body. Family members and close friends’ attempts to convince them that they were husband and wife were unsuccessful.

Even the eye doctor was saddened at seeing the argument unfold. He said, downcast, “It seems like you were both better off blind, for what remains unseen, the heart does not grieve over.”

This story teaches us that all things are impermanent. We live in a world that is itself impermanent. Time waits for no one and the clock keeps ticking every second, every minute, every day. The formation of mountains and rivers continue to change, the news that we see in the media daily is always evolving, and how we perceive all things, including love, throughout our lives change. Our appearance and perception changes as we grow from a baby into an adult, then as we experience parenthood and finally living as retirees in the latter part of our lives. As we acquire more experience and knowledge in life, our thoughts and wisdom likewise evolve over time.

These examples show that our lives constantly change. Time will never stop for us no matter if we wish to prolong feelings of happiness and joy that we cling to. Similarly, we cannot fast forward or rewind time when experiencing anger and grief.

In this story, the once happy couple were unable to accept the reality of aging. They did not understand the truth of impermanence, causing them to be in a world of pain. If we learn to embrace  readily adapt to the conditions that we face, and be willing to grow as a person, then we shall adapt with ease to the flow of this ever-changing world. If we are bound by rigid ways of living, unable or unwilling to accept change, and clinging stubbornly to the past, we will not only experience disappointment and suffering, but will struggle to keep up with the ever-changing pace of modern times.

Just as Venerable Master Hsing Yun says,
      “We cannot stop time, but we can discover impermanence.
      Society’s impermanence makes progress possible.   
      Life’s impermanence makes future lives possible.”


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星雲說喻英文有聲書
Storyteller:妙光法師


點此聆聽:https://bit.ly/3gkVp83

不如做瞎子

有一對年輕男女,因戀愛而結婚,可謂郎才女貌、金童玉女,十分親愛。不久,兩人因為吃藥不慎,導致夫妻同時眼瞎。丈夫害怕失去太太,太太也擔心失去先生,兩個人每天面對面,卻看不到,只有你握我的手,我握你的手,形影不離。

時光飛逝,三十年過去了。有人建議他們去看一位醫師,進行手術治療眼睛,他們也因此復明了。當他們的眼睛一張開時,丈夫看到太太,一個黃臉、醜陋的女人在他面前,大喊:「他不是我太太,這麼醜,你們怎麼把我的太太換走了呢?」

太太一看丈夫,也驚訝地喊著:「這個男人不是我的丈夫,我丈夫英俊瀟灑,不是他,不是他!」

兩人因為心中的英俊丈夫和美嬌娘,被時間偷換了而吵鬧不休,任誰來勸說都沒用,後來,醫生看不下去,便說:「看來你們還不如做瞎子,眼不見為淨。」

世間是變化無常的,沒有一刻停息,山川在變,資訊在變,愛在變,面貌在變,心智在變,思想在變,人生在變……它不會因為我們的喜怒哀樂、執著妄念而停格、停留。故事中,一對年輕的夫妻無法接受彼此的年老色衰,沒有認識到世間變化無常的真相,才會招致痛苦。


唯有隨著世間做改變、調整、成長,才能適應遷流不息的世間,如果一味墨守成規、一成不變、執取過往,不但會失望、痛苦,也終將為時代淘汰。

就如星雲大師所言:
我們無法停止時間軌道的轉動,但要從中覺悟無常的真諦。
因為世事「無常」,所以文明才得以進步。
因為生命「無常」,所以未來才抱有希望。